Trade and labour are connected in many ways. One aspect of their relationship revolves around the question whether products that are made in violation of labour rights should be banned from the markets of importing States. In the negotiation process which led to the establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO) this issue proved to be highly contentious. Since then not much has changed on the political level. Yet, it is not unheard of for States to raise import bans in response to human rights violations in exporting States. Therefore, it is likely that the WTO dispute settlement mechanism may at some point be confronted with a claim that one of the WTO Members has violated its WTO obligations because it has adopted an import ban in response to labour rights violations that occur in the exporting State. The World Trade Organization and Import Bans in Response to Violations of Fundamental Labour Rights investigates how the WTO dispute settlement mechanism should deal with such a case by looking into WTO law, general international law, and the relationship between these two fields.
About this book
‘This complex and challenging book [sorts] through the thickets of internal WTO rules and procedures, and their relation to other international and national legal processes. It is indispensable material for anyone making a policy argument, or trying to justify under law, that trade sanctions can – or cannot – be used to enforce certain kinds of labour-related human rights violations.’
Lee Swepston in 30 (2011) NQHR 595
INTRODUCTION (p. 1)
CHAPTER I. IMPORT BANS IN RESPONSE TO LABOUR RIGHTS VIOLATIONS UNDER WTO LAW (p. 11)
CHAPTER II. IMPORT BANS AS COUNTERMEASURES UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW (p. 69)
CHAPTER III. WORKERS’ RIGHTS OF A PEREMPTORY CHARACTER (p. 111)
CHAPTER IV. WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT AND THE APPLICATION OF NON-WTO LAW (p. 143)
CHAPTER V. CONFLICT AVOIDANCE THROUGH GATT EXCEPTION CLAUSES (p. 169)
CONCLUDING REMARKS (p. 207)
Nederlandse samenvatting (Dutch summary) (p. 223)
Bibliography (p. 229)
Table of cases (p. 241)
The Human Rights Research Series’ central research theme is the nature and meaning of international standards in the field of human rights, their application and promotion in the national legal order, their interplay with national standards, and the international supervision of such application. Anyone directly involved in the definition, study, implementation, monitoring, or enforcement of human rights will find this series an indispensable reference tool.
The Series is published together with the world famous Netherlands Network for Human Rights Research (formerly School of Human Rights Research), a joint effort by human rights researchers in the Netherlands.
Editorial Board: Prof. dr. Antoine Buyse (Utrecht University), Prof. dr. Fons Coomans (Maastricht University), Prof. dr. Yvonne Donders (Chair - University of Amsterdam), Dr. Antenor Hallo de Wolf (University of Groningen), Prof. dr. Kristin Henrard (Erasmus University Rotterdam), Prof. dr. Nicola Jägers (Tilburg University), Prof. Titia Loenen (Leiden University) Prof. dr. Janne Nijman (T.M.C. Asser Instituut) and Prof. dr. Brigit Toebes (University of Groningen).
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