The Child’s Interests in Conflict addresses one of the most pressing issues of any multicultural society, namely the conflicting demands on children from minority groups or children born to parents of different cultural or religious backgrounds. What the family considers to be in the child’s best interests and welfare in the studied situations is not shared by society at large. Each guided by faith, culture and tradition, society views the child to be exposed to a significant harm or risk of harm if certain traditions are followed, whereas in contrast the parents believe that their child is harmed or in harm’s way if that tradition is not respected.
Focusing primarily on Europe, the contributions in this book, written by internationally leading experts and with a interdisciplinary element, address situations of conflict regarding the child’s upbringing and education in general, the shaping of the child’s cultural or faith-based identity, underage marriages, circumcision of boys, the role of faith and culture in society’s placements of children outside the care of their family, and the role of faith in cross-border child abduction and disputes over parental responsibilities. Attention is paid to the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and to less well-known national case law, as well as to recent national legislation, all of which show not only the complexity of the issues discussed but also the differing ways multicultural challenges are dealt with.
The authors strive to answer, inter alia, how legal systems should navigate between the competing claims and conflicting interests without forgetting the main person to be protected, namely the child; and how the scope of tolerance, recognition and autonomy should be defined.
The Child in the Intersections between Society, Family, Faith and Culture (p. 1)Maarit Jänterä-Jareborg
State Curriculum and Parents’ Convictions under the European Convention on Human Rights (p. 55)
Care Placements of Children Outside their Parental Home – Concerns of Culture (p. 73)
Child Marriages and the Law – with Special Reference to Swedish Developments (p. 85)
Circumcision of Young Boys: A Conflict between Parental and Child Rights. The Swedish Experience from a Medical Point of View (p. 111)
The Body as Identity Marker. Circumcision of Boys Caught between Contrasting Views on the Best Interests of the Child (p. 125)Marie-Claire Foblets
Malta Process and Cross-Cultural Aspects in Family Disputes (p. 163)
The Child as the “Sacrificial Lamb” to Society, Family, Religion and Culture. A Comment (p. 185)Esin Örücü
Annex (p. 187)
Index (p. 201)
‘... the European Family Law Series [plays] an important role in informing lawyers across Europe and beyond about developments in other jurisdictions, and in continually assessing the potential for hamonisation in the field.’
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The European Family Law series is dedicated to the harmonisation and unification of family and succession law in Europe. The series includes comparative legal studies and materials as well as studies on the effects of international and European law making within the national legal systems in Europe.
The series is published under the auspices of the Organising Committee of the Commission on European Family Law:
- Professor Katharina Boele-Woelki (The Netherlands),
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- Professor Cristina González Beilfuss (Spain),
- Professor Maarit Jänterä-Jareborg (Sweden),
- Professor Nigel Lowe (United Kingdom),
- Professor Dieter Martiny (Germany) and
- Associate Professor Velina Todorova (Bulgaria).
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