HIV/AIDS has serious implications for food security since the disease impacts on people’s ability to produce, prepare and buy food. Conversely, poverty and food insecurity impact on vulnerability to HIV infection and development of AIDS. The lack of physical and economic access to food and health services in poor, AIDS affected communities calls for a human rights-based approach. How can we address these issues from a human rights perspective and what would be the possible rights based policies to deal with them?
In this book Engh conceptualises the right to food in the light of HIV/AIDS, by identifying States’ obligations, and the required capacity to meet these obligations. The book deals with issues such as authority and mandate, commitment to obligations, access to resources, communication capacity, and capacity to monitor and evaluate. It suggests a set of indicators representing ideal standards of fully-fledged obligations and capacity. The indicators are considered key to the understanding, implementation and monitoring of the right to food of people who are infected with, and affected by, HIV and AIDS.
Examples from South Africa and Uganda illustrate that the issue of HIV/AIDS and nutrition can be extremely politically sensitive. Engh underscores the mutual interdependence between the rights to food and health as well as other human rights and discusses these issues within a broader development perspective. It should therefore be of interest to academics and policy-makers, governmental and non-governmental organisations alike both within and beyond the human rights field.
Through this book Engh makes the crucial connection between the international guarantees and the national implementation, and assesses the challenges faced by national governments in complying with their international commitments and protecting and promoting human rights.
Sigrun Skogly, Professor of Law at Lancaster University and President of FIAN International
Ida-Eline Engh completed a doctoral degree in human geography at the University of Oslo in 2007. She previously worked at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights and she is a long-term activist for the right to food organisation FIAN. She lives in Oxford and undertakes consultancy work for governmental and non-governmental organisations.
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