Edwin Woerdman is Associate Professor of Law and Economics at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. He is also co-director of the Groningen Centre of Energy Law. He graduated cum laude in political science at Radboud University, where he specialised in economic theory. He defended his PhD on climate law and economics in Groningen in 2002. He is an expert in the field of emissions trading, including its implementation in the energy sector, with around 18 years of research experience on this subject. He published several international peer-reviewed articles, book chapters and monographs. He has also co-edited and (co-)authored several books.