Over the last few decades, human rights related public security and police reform has been implemented within Latin America. Most states initiated this as part of an effort to transform from an authoritarian form of government to democracy. Public security instead of national security became the main objective of law enforcement agencies in the region. Other objectives included the need to deal with rising crime and violence rates, growing citizens’ feelings of insecurity, human rights violations and particularly police involvement in them as well as to professionalise law enforcement. Although there is some empirical research on public security and police reform in transitional societies, little is known about its impact on non-transitional societies such as Costa Rica.
This study evaluates how human rights reform was implemented within the Costa Rican police. On the basis of qualitative and quantitative data, it discusses the effect of police human rights strategies from a regional perspective. It explores the following questions; is there a relationship between the implementation of formal human rights law and changes within the social systems in which law enforcement officials operate? Which socio-political and institutional factors relate to the implementation of human rights within the national police system and the urban police units? Are police officers of the Public Force in San José increasingly stimulated to comply with the norms, standards and values that human rights portray?
The book ‘We Are Here to Serve You!’ opens a dialogue about the complexities of human rights implementation within public security and police systems in Latin America.
Chapter 1. Introduction (p. 1)
Chapter 2. Human Rights, the Police, Public Security Reform in Latin America and Costa Rica (p. 11)
Chapter 3. Is Costa Rica Different: A Comparative Perspective on Public Security in Central America (p. 47)
Chapter 4. The Checks and Balances of a Fragmented Public Security System (p. 79)
Chapter 5. Professionalising a New Generation: Police Selection and Training (p. 115)
Chapter 6. Around Here I Am the Law! Strengthening Police Officers’ Compliance with the Rule of Law (p. 157)
Chapter 7. A Police Officer’s Perspective on Being Held Accountable (p. 185)
Chapter 8. The Long Road Towards Community Policing (p. 215)
Chapter 9. Reflections (p. 255)
The Human Rights Research Series’ central research theme is the nature and meaning of international standards in the field of human rights, their application and promotion in the national legal order, their interplay with national standards, and the international supervision of such application. Anyone directly involved in the definition, study, implementation, monitoring, or enforcement of human rights will find this series an indispensable reference tool.
The Series is published together with the world famous Netherlands Network for Human Rights Research (formerly School of Human Rights Research), a joint effort by human rights researchers in the Netherlands.
Editorial Board of the Series: Prof. dr. J.E. Goldschmidt (Utrecht University), Prof. dr. D.A. Hellema (Utrecht University), Prof. dr. W.J.M. van Genugten (Tilburg University), Prof. dr. F. Coomans (Maastricht University), Prof. dr. P.A.M. Mevis (Erasmus University Rotterdam), Dr.J.-P. Loof (Leiden University) and Dr. O.M. Ribbelink (Asser Institute).
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