Patents as Protection of Traditional Medical Knowledge?

The protection of the knowledge and practises of local and indigenous groups has been discussed in various forums in recent times. International agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity address the importance of protecting traditional knowledge and practises, This book examines traditional knowledge protection in the area of traditional medical knowledge, often utilised in contemporary medicine, and consequently subject to patent protection. It provides a comparative view of the current patent regimes in major economies, specifically the US and the EU, and the consequences of the application of these laws to traditional medical knowledge and follow-on innovation, as well as the impact on underlying economic principles and opposing interests.
Auteur(s):
Petra Ebermann
Reeks:
European Studies in Law and Economics (EDLE)
Volume:
10
boek | verschenen | 1e editie
mei 2012 | xviii + 200 blz.

Paperback
€ 59,-


ISBN 9781780680736


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The protection of the knowledge and practises of local and indigenous groups has been discussed in various forums in recent times. International agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity address the importance of protecting traditional knowledge and practises, recognizing that this knowledge bears immense value in terms of its contribution to the conservation of biological diversity and its inputs to R&D in various fields. Experiences of the past, prominently the use of the Neem tree and the Turmeric plant, show that the benefits of traditional knowledge applications are allocated mainly to the follow-on developers and rarely to the original suppliers of the knowledge and practises. In the long term, this may result in restricted access to traditional knowledge to the detriment of social welfare. The book examines traditional knowledge protection in the area of traditional medical knowledge, often utilised in contemporary medicine, and consequently subject to patent protection. It provides a comparative view of the current patent regimes in major economies, specifically the US and the EU, and the consequences of the application of these laws to traditional medical knowledge and follow-on innovation, as well as the impact on underlying economic principles and opposing interests. The economic analysis of law is used to evaluate the current situation by comparing the effects of adapted patent regimes to alternative liability regimes or contractual agreements. This comparative and interdisciplinary approach taken gives valuable insights and inputs for future discussion.

Hoofdstukken

Table of Contents (p. 0)

Introduction (p. 1)

PART 1. TRADITIONAL MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

Chapter 1. The Concept of Traditional Medical Knowledge and the Impact of Biotechnology (p. 9)

Chapter 2. The Convention on Biological Diversity (p. 25)

Chapter 3. Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights and Traditional Medical Knowledge (p. 39)

PART 2. THE STATUS QUO – PROTECTION OF TRADITIONAL MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE AND BIOTECHNOLOGICAL INVENTIONS UNDER CURRENT PATENT LAW

Chapter 1. Patentability Criteria in the US and the EU (p. 67)

Chapter 2. Biotechnological Patents on Pharmaceutical Drugs Developed in Bioprospecting Research Projects (p. 101)

Chapter 3. The Rights of the Providers of Traditional Medical Knowledge (p. 117)

PART 3. PROTECTING AND REWARDING TRADITIONAL MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE CONTRIBUTIONS UNDER PROPERTY AND LIABILITY REGIMES

Chapter 1. The Property Rights-based Approach to Protection (p. 135)

Chapter 2. Benefit-Sharing Agreements and Liability Rules (p. 159)

Chapter 3. Prior Informed Consent and Disclosure Requirements (p. 169)

Conclusion. The Results of the Analysis and the Implications for Future Discussions (p. 177)

Bibliography (p. 185)

List of Cases (p. 193)

About the author (p. 197)

About the series (p. 199)

Over de reeks

European Studies in Law and Economics (EDLE)

The series European Studies in Law and Economics is devoted to further the understanding of Law and Economics in Europe. The volumes published in this series present an interdisciplinary perspective on the effects of laws on people’s behaviour and on the economic system. The ample topics address a wide audience, including policy makers, legislators, economists, lawyers and judges. The series is peer-reviewed.

The series is an initiative of the PhD programme ‘European Doctorate in Law and Economics’ (EDLE). The EDLE is the academic response to the increasing importance of the economic analysis of law in Europe. The programme is offered by the Universities of Bologna, Hamburg and Rotterdam in association with the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai (India). PhD students receive the unique opportunity to study law and economics in three different countries. The programme prepares economists and lawyers of high promise for an academic career in a research field of growing importance or for responsible positions in government, research organisations and international consulting firms.

The European Commission sponsors the EDLE as an excellence programme under the prestigious Erasmus Mundus scheme. For further information please visit: www.edle-phd.eu.

The editorial board of the series consists of Prof. Dr. Michael G. Faure (Erasmus University Rotterdam), Prof. Dr. Luigi A. Franzoni (University of Bologna) and Prof. Dr. Stefan Voigt (University of Hamburg).

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