A Legal Framework for a Transnational Offshore Grid in the North Sea

This book examines the legal frameworks applying to offshore grid development under international law, European Union law and national law. It reveals that these legal frameworks have not been developed to facilitate such complex (cross-border) infrastructure.
Auteur(s):
Hannah Müller
Reeks:
Energy & Law
Volume:
16
boek | verschenen | 1e editie
december 2015 | xx + 416 blz.

Hardback
€ 145,-


ISBN 9781780683348


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Inhoud

Most North Sea states consider offshore wind energy as a substantial contributor for reaching their renewable energy targets. To date, the standard approach for transporting the electricity to shore is to connect each wind farm with an individual park-to-shore cable. However, due to the increasing distance from shore, the scarceness of acceptable cable routes and the potential conflicts with other users of the sea, new concepts are required. To harness offshore wind energy in a more efficient manner, the North Sea states thus consider to develop a transnational offshore grid.

This book examines the legal frameworks applying to offshore grid development under international law, European Union law and national law. It reveals that these legal frameworks have not been developed to facilitate such complex (cross-border) infrastructure. It further identifies the main legal and regulatory barriers that a transnational offshore grid would face. Subsequently, the book gives recommendations on how to address these barriers and how to enable the offshore grid.

This is the first academic contribution that examines the legal framework applying to the offshore grid and that establishes concrete legal solutions. Although the focus is on the North Sea, the book is also relevant for developing complex infrastructure in general.

Hoofdstukken

Table of Contents (p. 0)

Introduction (p. 1)

PART I. LEGAL BASES UNDER INTERNATIONAL AND EU LAW

Chapter 1. Rights and Duties under the International Law of the Sea (p. 21)

Chapter 2. Applicability of EU Law and Competences of the EU (p. 67)

PART II. APPLICABLE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR OFFSHORE WIND FARMS AND THE RELATED INFRASTRUCTURE

Chapter 3. Applicable Legal Framework under EU Law (p. 99)

Chapter 4. Applicable Legal Framework under National Law (p. 145)

PART III. IMPLICATIONS OF THE CURRENT LEGAL FRAMEWORKS FOR THE OFFSHORE GRID

Chapter 5. Practical Requirements for and Legal Barriers to the Clustering of Offshore Wind Farms via Offshore Hubs (p. 213)

Chapter 6. Practical Requirements for and Possible Legal Barriers to the Connection of Offshore Wind Farms to Two or More Countries (p. 249)

PART IV. THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK REQUIRED FOR A TRANSNATIONAL OFFSHORE GRID

Chapter 7. Legal Changes Needed at the National Level to Facilitate Clustering of Wind Farms via Offshore Hubs (p. 301)

Chapter 8. An Alternative Legal Framework for Regional Projects (p. 327)

Summary and Outlook (p. 385)

Bibliography (p. 393)

Acknowledgements (p. 413)

About the Author (p. 415)

Over de reeks

Energy & Law

Energy & Law is a series which closely monitors the developments in energy law. Since the liberalisation of the gas and electricity markets and the development of sustainable energy sources, the European energy markets have been in constant development.

Market players have adapted themselves to these new market circumstances and the market structure of the energy sector has change thoroughly under the influence of free competition. The implementation of the EU liberalisation directives will change the organisation and working methods of the energy markets.

Energy & Law is published in parallel with the Dutch series Energie & Recht.
Editorial Committee:
- Prof. Martha M. Roggenkamp (University of Groningen, the Netherlands) - editor in chief
- Prof K. Deketelaere (University of Leuven, Belgium and University of Dundee, Scotland)

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